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深圳化学品国际快递

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2022-07-06 21:55:31  来源:深圳化学品国际快递  作者:fan  浏览次数:21

深圳化学品国际快递-生鲜电子商务跨境物流的发展趋势

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normal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-pagination: none" align=center>包 装 指 导

normal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-pagination: none" align=center>Packing Guideline

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">为了保证货物在运输、装卸中的安全,确保将快件安全、准时的派送到收件人手中,降低在运输、装卸中的货物破损和丢失,规范货物包装的操作和管理,要求所有服务中心遵照此包装指导对货物进行包装。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">In order to ensure shipments being safe and delivered on time, to minimize shipment damage and lost and to standardize packing process, all OPS staff is required to follow the packing guideline when packing shipments.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">一、包装原则:

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">适合运输:包装的目地在于防止和避免在运输中由于冲击或震动所产生的破损,兼顾防潮和防盗功能;

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Suitable for transportation: Packing shipments aims at preventing them from damage and lost which may be caused by stroke or shake during transit, and preventing shipments from being affected by damp and being stolen as well.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">便于装卸:完好的包装将有利于货物的装卸,将有效地提高货物的装卸效率,同时能够避免由于第三方的野蛮装卸而可能给货物带来的损害;

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Easy Load and Unload: Well packed shipments are easy to load and unload, which could improve our working efficiency. It can also minimize the damage caused by third party’s rough handling.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">适度包装:对货物进行包装时,要根据货物尺寸、重量和运输特性选用大小合适的包装箱及包装填充物,要尽量避免不足包装造成的货物破损和过度包装造成的包材浪费;

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Moderate packing: Proper packing and filling material should be used according to shipments’ weight and dimension, which not only can avoid damage caused by insufficient packing but also waste of packing materials.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">保护产品、防盗:包装在保证快件内容的使用特性和外观特性不被损坏的情况下,更要注意防盗——特别是对于高价值货物的包装;

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Shipment Protection: When packing a shipment, we should not only try to keep the shipment in good condition, but also we should pay attention to making it theft proof, especially for high value shipments.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">包装件成一体:外包装要和快件的保护材料、缓冲材料和内容物成为一体,内容物之间(一个外包装内含有多个内容物时)或内容物与外包装内壁之间不应有磨擦、碰撞和挤压;

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Packing and filling materials fitting the shipment: We should make sure that there is no attrition, bump or extrusion within contents of a shipment (assume that there are many contents in one package) or between contents and packing material.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">注意方向:对于有放置方向要求的货物,在包装、储存和运输过程中必须保证按照外包装上的箭头标识正确放置货物,杜绝侧放和倒放。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Direction of shipments: Be sure to lay shipments according to the arrow direction on the package during transit and storage.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">重心中心合一:包装件的重心和其几何中心应该合一或比较接近,这样可以防止货物在运输过程中由于起动、转弯和刹车给货物带来的损失;

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">The gravity center of a shipment should be identical to its geometry center: This is to avoid damage when vehicle start-up, swerve, or brake during transportation.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">二、包装方针:

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> Packing guideline:

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 18.05pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">绳索、带子

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">不接受使用绳索或带子捆扎施封的包装。必须去除这些绳索或带子,使用胶带进行封箱。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">No string or rope may be used to seal packages. String or rope must be removed and the packages taped securely using an approved tape before accepting the shipment.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">不接受使用玻璃纸胶带、医用胶布施封的包装。建议客人去除该施封胶带并使用DHL胶带进行封箱。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">One of our biggest problems is the shipper’s choice of binding. Discourage shipper’s from using cellophane tape, masking tape, or water activated tape. These tapes will not survive the sort system. Overtape with plastic or plastic fibre-reinforced tape prior to acceptance.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 18pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> 使用过的箱体

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 18.05pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> REUSED BOXES AND CONTAINERS

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">不接受客户使用有压垮痕迹、有破洞及有油渍、水渍的使用过的箱子对货物进行包装。将其货物或连同箱子一起置入合格之外包装内。对于可接受的使用过的包装,必须去除包装外侧所有标签、号码、地址信息及一切有可能影响操作人员识别的粘贴物品和信息。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Reused cartons, boxes and containers with crushed corners, holes, tear, torn flaps, oil or water stains should not be accepted. Reused cartons must have all flaps intact and all old labels, addresses, and other information marked out or removed.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> 易破损材料

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> STYROFOAM

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">不接受客户使用易破损材料作为外包装的货物。如保丽龙箱、塑料等,将其置入合格之外包装内。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Due to the weakness of the material, Styrofoam containers are unacceptable. Styrofoam packages must be overpacked in sturdy, corrugated cartons. The onLY exception is Styrofoam packages approved by IATA or DHL. Customers who use Styrofoam must have a letter saying their packaging has been approved. Do not use Styrofoam for packaging magnetic or computer tapes.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> 内容物保护

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">从客户手中收到包装好的货物时,稍加晃动,如能听到内容物发出相互碰撞之声音,向客户提出检查包裹之要求,并建议客户使用足够的填充物,以适合长途转运操作,避免内容物相互碰撞破损。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">If you can hear the contents rattle, the inner packaging should be inspected prior to accepting the package. Be sure the inner packing is sufficient to protect the contents while traveling through the system.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">对于瓷器和玻璃制品必须在包装内部六个面加垫防震材料,且箱体内每一件瓷器或玻璃制品必须单独使用泡沫或其它材料进行包装。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Wine bottles or glass products MUST be individually cush-loned inside the package. Glass items must be individually wrapped with bubble wrap to separate each item at the top, sides, and bottom, or each item must be placed securely in form-fitting Styrofoam material.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> 小件之内容物

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> SMALL ITEMS IN LARGE QUANTITIES

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">不接受大量小件之内容物零散置于包裹中。如螺栓、螺钉、螺母、钉子等物品,必须先以麻布袋包裹后,再置入合格之外包装中。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Nut, bolts, nails, screws, fittings, etc. must be packaged first in burlap bags and then within a sturdy box. If the box tear or splits open, the contents are contained.

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> 公文包、行李袋等

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify"> BRIEFCASES, LUGGAGE, GARMENT BAGS, AND REUSABLE CASES

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normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">不接受公文包、行李袋作为外包装的货物。将其置入合格之外包装中。对于大行李箱,如客户同意使用其作为外包装,必须要求客户对箱体加锁,操作人员不得用墨头笔做任何标记。

normal style="TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-ALIGN: justify">Cases whose finish might be damaged by adhesive labels should be over-packed in a protective container for shipment. Do not write routing codes or other codes on customer’s ‘custom’ shipping cases (e.g. suit cased, trade show cases, etc.). For Air Waybills and other shipping documents, uses the Tie-on-Airbill packing-list envelop.

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深圳化学品国际快递-相关物流信息(1)

过去常用“库存管理系统”一词表述;现在根据面向的对象企业是物流公司还是批发公司等行业类型划分,也有按企业经营范围等标准划分的方法。WMS的价格不一,从“10万日元上下”、“200万日元上下”到“2000万日元上下”,不同的价格段分别对应具有不同代表性的软件。“库存管理系统”最初只是一种对库存进行简单管理的系统。

在没有电脑的时代,库管人员使用仓库台账管理库存;财务人员通过会计账本记录出入库和掌握库存余量(现有库存量)。随着电子计算机的出现和普及应用,作业人员在电脑上进行上述操作就是“库存管理系统”。随着这种系统的性能提高,包括储位管理和物流设备管理等在内的就是“仓库管理系统”,即WMS。企业引进WMS时需要注意两个问题。第一,应用WMS的对象行业有适合和不适合之分,WMS不是万能的。第二,即使系统性能提升,仍然需要对生产效率是否有实质性的提高进行验证,还应聘请技术顾问对现场进行改善。现在,日本国内WMS的发展方向是与核心系统结合或关联。高价位的WMS已经增加了应对或应对系统的数量,另外,企业开始以WMS为核心纳人物流管理系统。TMS(运输管理系统,参见第51节)作为WMS的辅助系统投入实际应用。

用低价位战略扩大市场据从事制造业、物流业调查的美国ARC顾问集团(ARCAdvisory Group)调查指出:在美国,引进WMS的中型企业的数量远远超过大型企业(美国ARC顾问集团是一家专注于工业领域的咨询公司,为客户提供市场、技术、运营和战略咨询服务。—译者注)。日本的情况也如出一辙,为应对中型企业需求不断增加的变化,现有WMS供应商正将注意力转向低价位市场。另外,经ARC顾问集团预测:2004年,WMS在世界范围内占据的市场份额只有10.67亿美元;到2009年时,估计将超过13.39亿万美元。为什么企业引进WMS的市场需求不断增加呢?这当然是EDI和SCM的普及带来的结果。在此之前,数据处理通常在企业内部进行,企业安排时间和人力物力等从事这项工作。

但是,随着物流和SCM管理使物流功能实现合理化,客观上要求数据处理必须更快。结果,之前独立运作和承担作用的库存管理系统和分拣系统被归入管理物流中心整体的WMS系统之下

深圳化学品国际快递-相关物流信息(2)

近年来,生鲜电子商务行业的发展十分迅速,对跨境物流的需求量也不断增加,在其推动作用下的跨境物流将趋向于三个发展方向。

温区将会越来越精细化

为了减少生鲜产品在运输及配送途中的损耗,电子商务平台应该从供应链的各个环节人手,采用先进的温控技术提高产品的新鲜度。为此,要在原产地、存储中心、产品运输环节及末端配送环节设置对应的温区,并根据各个温区的具体要求实施精细化的管理,最终为顾客提供令其满意的生鲜产品。在设置温区的过程中,不仅要引进相应的设备,还要增加供应链的温层,做好生鲜产品在各个环节的温度控制与管理工作。

走向智能化

跨境物流配送对成本要求较高,而信息技术的应用能够帮助货代公司节约成本。具体而言,利用先进的互联网技术,生鲜电子商务能够对整个商品运输配送过程实施智能化管理,实时追踪物流运输状态,对产品质量进行监测,保证物流信息传递的准确性。此外,生鲜电子商务平台能够以现代化的方式开展跨境物流运营,加速物流配送环节的运转,强化对跨境物流配送系统的管控作用。

从自营走向平台化

如今,自建跨境物流配送模式的价值及优势得到了众多电子商务平台的认可,货代公司建设的跨境物流配送体系在服务于自身的同时,也将与其他平台合作。例如,京东物流承担着京东商城的物流配送任务,并与第三方货代公司达成合作关系,为他们提供相应的物流服务;易果集团旗下的全资公司安鲜达物流在服务于易果生鲜的同时,也负责为天猫超市配送生鲜产品。由此可见,未来,生鲜电子商务平台的自建跨境物流将向第三方平台开放,逐步拓宽其服务范围。综上所述,近年来,生鲜电子商务领域蕴藏的发展潜力逐渐显现出来,并成功吸引了众多投资者,然而,很多生鲜电子商务因无法解决产品配送问题而陷入发展困境。要解决这个问题,生鲜电子商务就要着力发展冷链物流。跨境物流配送模式分为四种:自建物流、第三方物流、自建物流与第三方物流结合、众包物流。

其中,自建物流的优势最明显、能够为用户提供优质的配送服务,但这种物流模式对货代公司的成本要求高,而很多生鲜电子商务平台不具备这样的条件。在市场需求的驱动作用下,那些拥有敏锐洞察力、能够及时把握机遇的货代公司有望成长为跨境物流配送行业中的翘楚。

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